Research on Indigenous and Local Spatial Knowledge
Indigenous and local spatial knowledge is an important part of the research interests of the Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre (GCRC). In addition to our northern research with Inuit and other northern peoples, the GCRC looks at broader issues of importance to indigenous mapping. The Cybercartographic Case Study of the Lake Huron Treaty Relationship Process (see below) funded by a SSHRC Standard grant currently supports this area of research at the GCRC. The GCRC is also leading a project called Gwich'in Goonanh'kak Googwandak: The Places and Stories of the Gwich'in which is a sub-grant of Canadian Heritage grant to Gwich'in Social and Cultural Institute entitled Gwich'in Place Names Atlas 2010-2012 D. R. F. Taylor is the sub-grant Principal Investigator. GCRC has also been active for several year in research on this topic in other parts of the world, especially in Africa and Latin America. The Centre has developed a proposal to create an Indigenous Cybercartographic Atlas of Latin America in cooperation with colleagues in Mexico, Argentina, Brazil and Peru, building on the experience gained in creating the Cybercartographic Atlas of Water in Latin America in 2000. Emily Wilson, a graduate student in Geography completed her MA thesis on Gendered Geographies and Participatory Processes: Mapping Natural Resource Use with Wapichan Women in Southern Guyana in 2006 supervised by Dr. D. R. F. Taylor and Dr. Derek Smith. A new proposal to create an Indigenous Atlas of Chubut in Patagonia is an integral part of our ongoing cooperation with the State of Chubut Government and academic researchers in Patagonia. Our cooperation also includes plans to create a Spatial Data Infrastructure for the State.
Public Participation in a Voluntary Geographic Information Environment
Principal Investigator, D. R. Fraser Taylor, follow-up to The Cybercartographic Atlas of the Lake Huron Treaty Process. Research to further develop the public outreach dimension of the Atlas of the Lake Huron Treaty is continuing at the intersection of aboriginal research and geospatial technologies.This community-based project is consistent with the objectives of the Government of Ontario's Youth Science and Technology Outreach Program in that it connects youth with researchers from across the province, and motivates and encourages them to develop an interest in science and technology. Involving a broad community of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal individuals - students, elders, teachers, academics, geospatial knowledge specialists, artists, archivists, surveyors and policy makers - this research is intended to increase knowledge of geospatial technologies, while it enhances awareness of different perspectives, increases mutual understanding and leads to improved intercultural relationships, all of which are key factors in the ways that individuals, groups and societies should think, live and interact with each other and the world.
A Cybercartographic Case Study of the Lake Huron Treaty Relationship Process
A broad objective of this research project is to increase the understanding of the requirements for improved treaty-based relationships with Canada's indigenous peoples and in particular, the Anishinaabeg (or Anishinaabe peoples), through the development of an online cybercartographic atlas module of the Lake Huron Treaty Relationship. The goal is to communicate local knowledge and research findings, in collaboration with Anishinaabe communities, in the form of a cybercartographic atlas module that is intended to enhance awareness of indigenous perspectives and help to expose the assumptions implicit in the western worldview. The Cybercartographic Case Study of the Lake Huron Treaty Relationship Process is supported by a SSHRC Standard Grant: $143,431 (2009-2012).
- D. R. F. Taylor (applicant), Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University
- Nancy Doubleday (co-applicant), Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University
- Sebastien Caquard (co-applicant), Universite de Montreal
- Stephanie Pyne, PhD Candidate, Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre
Cybercartographic Atlas of the Lake Huron Treaty Relationship Process
The Living Cybercartographic Atlas of Indigenous Perspectives and Knowledge
The Living Cybercartographic Atlas of Indigenous Perspectives and Knowledge builds on the substantial work on cybercartography developed at the GCRC at Carleton University, Ottawa directed by Professor D. R. Fraser Taylor. Cybercartography is a new paradigm that sees the map as central to knowledge interaction in the information society. The Cybercartography Atlas Infrastructure which is used to create cybercartographic atlases uses open source and open standards and will be used to develop an online cybercartographic atlas enabling better integration, understanding and communication of geospatial indigenous knowledge. The content of the atlas was developed in cooperation with a number of communities in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence region building on the research of Professor Ruth Phillips and her colleagues. There is a need to preserve long-established knowledge and to gather dispersed artifacts from many digital sources such as museums, archives and private collections. There is also a need for communities to be directly involved in this process. This atlas is a repository for this material and enabled community contribution of geographically relevant video/audio content. The atlas demonstrated the importance of indigenous knowledge and values and translate this unique knowledge into highly interactive, multimedia and multi-sensory narratives for educational purposes. This project was funded by Inukshuk Wireless.
Publications & Presentations
Pyne, S. (2009). Spatializing History: The Cybercartographic Atlas of the Lake Huron Treaty Process, in Karl Hele (ed.), This is Indian Land: The Robinson Huron Treaties of 1850.
Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals
Taylor, D.R.F. and Pyne, S., 2009. The history and development of the theory and practice of cybercartography. International Journal of Digital Earth,3(1),1-14.
Pyne, S. and D. R.F. Taylor (2012) (in press). Mapping Indigenous Perspectives in the Making of the Atlas of the Lake Huron Treaty Relationship Process, Cartographica Special issue on Indigenous Cartography and Computer Mapping.
Brauen, G., Pyne, S., Hayes, A, and Taylor, D. R. F. (2011), Encouraging transdisciplinary participation using an open source cybercartographic tooklit: The Atlas of the Lake Huron Treaty relationship process. Geomatica 65 (1): 27-45
Papers & Presentations at Conferences
Pyne, S., Taylor, D.R.F., and Caquard, S. (2009). The Emerging Role of Art in Cybercartography: Conveying Indigenous and Critical Perspectives in the Treaties Module, presented by D. R. F. Taylor at ICC 2009 24th International Cartography Conference, November 15 to 21, 2009, Santiago, Chile.
Pyne, S. (2009). Designing Cybercartographic Atlases as Reconciliation Tools, Circle of All Nations Workshop Sustainable Relationships: Reconciliation and Integration, Victoria Island, Ontario, May 22-24.
Pyne, S. (2009). A Cybercartographic Case Study of the Lake Huron Treaty Relationship Process: Building Awareness to Bridge Relationships, Canadian Association of Geographers Annual Meeting,1 Carleton University, Ottawa, May, 27.
Pyne, S. (2009). The Little Land We Yet Possess: Surveying the Robinson Huron Reserves, Ojibwe Cultural Foundation Special Presentation along the theme of the month's Exhibit "Creation, Land, Treaty: From Sacred to Profane", M'Chigeeng First Nation, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, October 1, 2009.
Pyne, S. (2009). The Cybercartographic Atlas of the Lake Huron Treaty, Manitoulin High School, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, October 19.
Pyne, S. (2009). The Cybercartographic Atlas of the Lake Huron Treaty, M'chigeeng Adult High School
M'Chigeeng First Nation, Manitoulin Island, Ontario, October 19.
Pyne, S. (2009). The Making of the Cybercartographic Atlas of the Lake Huron Treaty, NCCAH Atlas
Information Session, Vancouver, October 30.
Pyne, S. (2009). Designing and Developing the Cybercartographic Atlas of the Lake Huron Treaty, MNR Ontario Aboriginal Working Group Meeting, North Bay, Ontario, December 11.
Pyne, S. (2009). Political Ecology and the Cybercartographic Atlas of Lake Huron Treaty Relationships, Carleton University Environmental Studies 3000 class, January 15, 2010.
Taylor, D. R. Fraser (2009).Some New Applications in the Theory and Practice of Cybercartography: Mapping with Indigenous Peoples in Canada's North, presented to the Royal Society of Canada Eastern Ontario Regional Luncheon, March 25.
Media Coverage and Other
S. Pyne attended "Solidifying a Vision of an Online Atlas of Aboriginal People's Health in BC Dialogue Session" and provided guidance based on experience with design and development of the Cybercartographic Atlas of Lake Huron Treaty Relationships, Prince George, British Columbia, March 12, 2010.
Manitoulin Expositor, "Stephanie Pyne Tracks the Steps of Robinson Huron Survey Crews", Margot Little, Nov. 10, 2009.
The Living Cybercartographic Atlas of Indigenous Artifacts and Knowledge funded by the Inukshuk Fund appears in a FASS article: Inukshuk funds living Atlas.